STANDAR FISIK IDEAL DALAM PERSPEKTIF BUDAYA DAN KESEHATAN (Kasus: Obesitas Pada Etnis Bugis)

Hikmawati Mas'ud

Abstract


Ideal Physical Standard be dream each people, but that is be problematic both the culture and the health perspective. The conception need a study by comprehensive in order to overcome a dichotomy given availabel. This research aim to confirm any view of the culture and health perspective about Ideal Physical Standard. A qualitative descriptive by Grand Theory used an approach of this research. Any data collected by observation, interviews and documentation. A qualitative used to analyze data. The result of this research indicated that An Ideal Physical Standard view of the culture perspective are body compact and full content, better face and confirmity to look in it, face like baby face, give a happy in feeling to touch her/him, and bigger and good in growth. For the health perspective, Ideal Physical Standard oriented to Body Mass Indeks (BMI) < 27.0, male abdominal circumference <90 cm and women <80 cm. There are different at using a parameter both them. The health using a quantitative to determining a Ideal Physical Standard, but the Culture using a qualitative, so be gap them.Therefore, they need synergy and integrated them in order to general standard which expected can be received them.


References


Almatsier, S. 2009. Prinsip Dasar Ilmu Gizi. Jakarta: Dramedia Pustaka Utama.

Abdulrahman O.Musaiger.2011. Overweight and Obesity in EasternMediterranean Region:Prevalence and Possible Causes. Journal of ObesityVolume 2011, Article ID 407237, 17 pages

Alexandra A. Brewis, et al. 2011. Body Norms and Fat Stigma inGlobal Perspective. Chicago Journal, Source: Current Anthropology, Vol. 52, No. 2 (April 2011), pp. 269-276

Bagong, Suyanto. 2010. Sosiologi Teks Pengantar dan Terapan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada Media Group.

Barker, Chris. 2004 Cultures Study, Teori dan Praktik. Yogyakarta: Kreasi Kencana Brookfield USA: Avebury.

Bungin, Burhan. 2010. Penelitian Kualitatif. Jakarta: Kencana Prenada MediaGroup, Cetakan IV.

Caroline Davis,et.al. 2011. Evidence that ‘food addiction’ is a valid phenotype of obesity.Journal Appetite Elsevier Canada.

Emy Huriyati. 2006. Prevalensi Obesitas Siswa Siswi SLTP Kota Yogyakarta. Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia, 3 (1). 1-5

Fein, O. 1995. The Influence of Social Class and Health Status : American and British Researh on Health Inequalit. Journal Internal Medicine. Terjemahan. St.Louis, Mosby.

Hadi, Hamam. 2005. Beban Ganda Masalah Gizi Dan Implikasinya Terhadap Kebijakan Pembangunan Kesehatan Nasional. Pidato Pengukuhan Jabatan Guru Besar pada Fakultas KedokteranUniversitas Gadjah Mada.

Hamid, Abu. 2006. Kebudayaan Bugis. Makassar: Dinas Kebudayaan dan Parwisata Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan.

Jufri. 2007. Struktur Makro dalam Wacana Lontara La Galigo Suatu Kajian Wacana Kritis. Jurnal Penelitian Kependidikan. Jakarta 17 (2) Des.

Miles B. Nfattewa, Huberman Michael, A., 1984. Qualitative Data Analysis. New Delhi: SAGE Fublication India.

NC dan IT. 2010. Wawancara Observasi Awal Penelitian di Mangkoso Kabupaten Barru Sulawesi Selatan.

Nazsir, Nasrullah. 2008. Teori-Teori Sosiologi. Bandung: Widya Padjadjaran.

Nicholas A. Christaki and James H. Fowler. 2011. The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32Years. The new england journal of medicine.

Pelras, C. 2005a. Budaya Bugis Sebuah Tradisi Modernitas. Tapak-Tapak Waktu. Makassar: Penerbit Ininnawa.

_______2005b. The Bugis.Terjemahan Abdul Rahman Abu Manusia Bugis. Jakarta: Nalar Bekerjasama dengan Forum Jakarta-Paris.

Pip, Jones. 2009. Pengantar Teori-Teori Sosial. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia.

Purwaningrum N.F. 2007. Hubungan Antara Citra Raga Dengan Perilaku Makan Pada Remaja Putri. Skripsi tidak diterbitkan. Surakarta: Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Muhammadiyah .

Riskesdas. 2007. Laporan Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Nasional. Jakarta: Depkes RI.

Ritenbaugh, C, 1991. Body Size And Shape: A Dialogue Of Culture And Biology. Medical Antropology Journal, 13. 173-180.

Sonny C, Nurmiati A, Ika W. 2007. Hubungan Antara Obesitas Dengan Psikopatologi Pada Siswa SMU di Jakarta. Jurnal Cermin Dunia Kedokteran Jakarta 34 (6/159). 289

Sudarma. Momon, 2008. Sosiologi Kesehatan. Jakarta: Penerbit Salemba Medika

Irmayanti M, Budianto. 2004. Dimensi Etis terhadap Budaya Makan dan Dampaknya pada Masyarakat. Jurnal Makara Sosial Humaniora Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.32382/medkes.v12i1.33

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Published By : Poltekkes Kemenkes Makassar

Office : Jl. Wijaya Kusuma Raya No. 46 Banta-Bantaeng, Kota Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia

Email  :  mediakesehatan@poltekkes-mks.ac.id

Crossref Member Badge

Media Kesehatan indexed by :

           

 
Protected By
plagiarismcheckerx.com Protection Badge

VISITOR STATISTICS

View Statistics

Flag Counter