STUDI LITERATUR : PENCEGAHAN PENYEBARAN SARS-CoV-2 PADA PRAKTIK KEDOKTERAN GIGI

Ira Liasari, Hans Lesmana

Abstract


Pandemi COVID-19 sangat berdampak pada praktik kedokteran gigi. Dokter gigi dan tim harus waspada karena tingginya resiko penularan dan penyebaran SARS-Cov-2. Hal ini disebabkan karena adanya kemungkinan terhirup aerosol atau droplet yang mengandung virus.atau kontak langsung dengan membran mukosa, cairan mulut, dan instrumen dan permukaan yang terkontaminasi virus selama tindakan kedokteran gigi di klinik. Tujuan dari studi literatur ini untuk mengetahui upaya-upaya yang dapat dilakukan untuk mencegah penularan dan penyebaran COVID-19 di praktik kedokteran gigi. Studi literatur ini diperoleh dari penelusuran artikel penelitian penelitian ilmiah dari rentang tahun 2019-2020 melalui website WHO, PubMeds, ScienceDirect, The Lancet, Springer Nature, dan Elsevier. Dari berbagai literatur didapatkan bahwa pencegahan dapat dilakukan melalui manajemen pasien dan pencegahan infeksi nasokomial sebelum perawatan gigi, penggunaan alat pelindung diri bagi dokter gigi dan tim, tindakan pencegahan selama perawatan gigi, disinfeksi klinik, dan manajemen limbah medis.

Kata Kunci : COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, dokter gigi, perawat gigi


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.32382/mkg.v19i1.1598

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